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IMPORTANT NOTE: This page is deprecated, updated documentation can be found here
As of 2.6.17, a driver for the Broadcom bcm43xx wireless chipset has been included in the kernel. Older kernels can sometimes be made to work, check out resources available here While this driver natively supports monitor mode, it requires patching before packet injection can be done. After testing aireplay-ng with the patches, please contribute to the forum thread by reporting any successes or failures there.
Note: As of 2.6.24, this driver is considered deprecated, and you might be better off using the new b43 driver instead. (B43 supports the fragmentation attack, and it's much more stable than bcm43xx.)
Is My Card Supported?
Most broadcom cards are supported EXCEPT the following:
- PCI ID 14e4:4315
To determine the PCI ID of your wireless device under linux, enter:
There is a patch by SuD which dramatically improves the injection speed:
Also see this thread for more information.
Use this patch instead of the one below.
Patching the kernel
- Download the bcm43xx inject_nofcs patch for the 2.6.20 kernel.
- Place the patch in your kernel sources directory
- Run 'patch -p1 -i bcm43xx-injection-linux-2.6.20.patch'.
This patch may not apply directly and may require that you modify the bcm43xx_main.c (located in $linux/wireless/net/drivers/bcm43xx/ manually)
- Recompile your modules with 'make modules' followed by 'make modules_install'.
- The module should now be ready to use for injection.
- Remember to reload the kernel driver or reboot your system before trying to inject packets.
Testing the new module
After building and installing the new module, it is best to test that injection is working correctly. Use the injection test to confirm your card can inject.
Forum thread: The complete how to of making bcm43xx injection work
Forum thread: How I got the bcm43xx packet injection working in ubuntu 7.10
This forum thread may also provide some useful information: Broadcom bcm43xx Injection
The bcm43xx has been verified to produce all attacks. However, there a few known problems.
- aireplay exits with “out of memory error” / syslog shows “out of DMA slots”
There is a problem in the bcm43xx driver when injecting packets using DMA access. I'll try to compile the mod without DMA and see what happens asap. I'll also make another patch soon that waits till the send buffer is empty before resuming after an error occurred. Now it just waits a second before resuming at a lower rate.
- packets per second is adjusted to around 25 pps
Same problem as above, there is a problem with injection and DMA access.
- syslog shows a lot of failed assertions (!ring→suspended).
ASSERTION FAILED (!ring→suspended) at: drivers/net/wireless/bcm43xx/bcm43xx_dma.c:71:request_slot(). Again, a problem with DMA. Aireplay tries to write a packet, the driver wants a free DMA slot for that and can't because the DMA slots were all taken (the driver blocks all dma requests then).
All these problems should be mitigated or fixed with the new patch!
Confirm you are running the new module
First, double check that you are in fact running the new module:
It will give you the fully qualified file name. Do “ls -l <fully qualified file name>” and confirm it has the date/time of when you compiled and installed the new module. If it does not match, then you are not running the patched module. This would, of course, need to be fixed.
This thread has a number of potential fixes to problems you may encounter: Broadcom bcm43xx Injection
Why do I get ioctl(SIOCGIFINDEX) failed ?
If you get error messages similar to:
- Error message: “SIOCSIFFLAGS : No such file or directory”
- Error message: “ioctl(SIOCGIFINDEX) failed: No such device”
Then See this FAQ entry.